Home Magic World Tour Partner countries India Some facts about India
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India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometres (4,700 mi). It is bordered by Pakistan to the west; People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Indonesia in the Indian Ocean.

 

 

 

 

 

Home to the Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four major religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated here, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the first millennium CE and shaped the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by the British East India Company from the early eighteenth century and colonised by the United Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by widespread non-violent resistance.

India is a republic consisting of 28 states and seven union territories with a parliamentary system of democracy. It has the world's twelfth largest economy at market exchange rates and the fourth largest in purchasing power. Economic reforms since 1991 have transformed it into one of the fastest growing economies; however, it still suffers from high levels of poverty, illiteracy, disease, and malnutrition. A pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society, India is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

Information taken from Wikipedia

Posted by Hugo Cardoso on March 6, 2013

Discovery of sea route to India

The discovery of sea route to India is the common name for the first trip taken directly from Europe to India, by the Atlantic Ocean, made under the command of the Portuguese Navigator Vasco da Gama during the reign of King Manuel I in 1497-1499. One of the most notable voyages of the age of discovery, consolidated maritime presence and the domain of trade routes by the Portuguese.

Portuguese State of India

The Portuguese State of India, also known as State of India or Portuguese India, was the Government constituted to administer all the dependent territories of Portugal on the shores of the Indian Ocean at the time of the Portuguese Empire. From 1505 to 1752, included all the territories in the Indian Ocean from southern Africa to Southeast Asia, with capital in Goa since 1510, and only later was restricted to the territories of the Malabar coast in India.